The Gazette
Pendle and Burnley Branch
  Issue No.14 - May 2004 Acting Editor Brenda I Hustler    

CONTENTS

 1   Editorial  9   E-mail Address
 2   Branch Officials 10  Lancashire Records - Lesser-known Holdings
 3   Silver Jubilee 11  Locating a Marriage using the GRO 
 4   Mills, Mansions & Corner Shops 12  Diary Dates (What's on Where)
 5   Programme for 2004 13  Query Corner
 6   Projects 14  Using your PC (Computer Notes)
 7   Resources 15  Stop Press
 8   Certificates 16  Items for Publication

EDITORIAL

A BIG THANK YOU to the few members who attended the Branch AGM on March 31st 2004.  To the rest of you who normally attend Branch meetings, Where were YOU?

It was very disappointing to see that very few members took the trouble to attend the Annual General Meeting of Pendle and Burnley Branch, especially since this is our Silver Jubilee year.  At normal Branch meetings we regularly have 40 to 50 people attending, but at the AGM, only the Committee and a few other members turned up.

Your Branch Committee deserves better support than that.

A warm welcome to Janet Knowles and Moira Whittaker who volunteered to become members of the Branch Committee.


BRANCH OFFICIALS for the year 2004 - 2005

Chairman Jean Ingham   Projects Coordinator Christine Windle
Vice Chairman David Taylor   Publications Officer Christine Haworth
Secretary Brenda Hustler   Gazette Editor  - Position vacant
Treasurer David Hustler   Executive Liaison Officer David Hustler
Minutes Secretary Margaret Heap   Committee Members Mary Jackson
Librarian Margaret Heap   Derek Mills
Programme Secretary Tony Mason     Janet Knowles
  Moira Whittaker

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SILVER JUBILEE

LUNCH 

Arrangements are now in place for the Silver Jubilee Lunch which will be held at Rosehill House Hotel on Sunday 3rd October 2004.  Booking forms containing details of the event and the menu were available at the May meeting for those who had previously put their names down to attend and will also be available at the June meeting.  Please complete the booking form and send it together with payment to Christine Windle, 2 Langholme Close, Barrowford, Lancashire BB9 6DH, as soon as possible.  Places are limited to 50 people and will be allocated on a 'first come, first served' basis.  A booking form is available from David Taylor, 34 Lindsay Park, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire BB10 3RR or from Brenda Hustler, Branch Secretary, 49 Stone Edge Road, Barrowford, Lancashire BB9 6BB  e-mail -


EXHIBITION

The Branch will be mounting an exhibition about Family History Research and the Pendle and Burnley Branch of LFH&HS on the balcony at Colne Library in July and at Nelson Library in October.  If you have any photographs or information about the history of the Branch, that you would be willing to let us borrow, please inform Brenda Hustler, Branch Secretary, 49 Stone Edge Road, Barrowford, Lancashire, BB9 6BB, e-mail -

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Mills, Mansions and Corner Shops

 -  An Introduction to A2A (Access to Archives) - see STOP PRESS for further details.

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PROGRAMME

The Programme of Events for 2004 is now available as a card handout and can also be viewed on this website 

Tony Mason, Programme Secretary.

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PROJECTS

The LANCASHIRE BMD project is now well under way.  It is going to take some considerable time to complete the project.  We now have 16 members who are working on PCs inputting data and a team of 10 people are going to the Register Office for 3 hours each week checking entries against the original registers.

MORE VOLUNTEERS ARE NEEDED FOR CHECKING ENTRIES AT THE REGISTER OFFICE AT BURNLEY.

Anyone wanting to join the project will be most welcome.  Volunteers should contact the coordinator, Keith Windle, 2 Langholme Close, Barrowford, Lancashire BB9 6DH or email   The website for LancashireBMD is at http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk

The 1901 census name index for Nelson is in progress at Nelson Library.  Anyone wishing to volunteer for this project should contact Christine Carradice, the Reference Librarian at Nelson Library. 

Transcribing Parish Registers by our Branch is an ongoing project and volunteers to transcribe or check transcriptions are always welcome. 

A section of the M.I.s for Burnley Cemetery is being transferred to PC and transcriptions of Colne St Bartholomew's Marriages 1837-1900 are being checked.  Christine Haworth is going to have another look at the Burials and Births for Haggate Baptist Church.

Christine Windle, Project Coordinator

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RESOURCES

All Branch resources are available for monthly loan but it is essential that the correct procedure is followed for booking out and booking in.  Details of the procedure can be found in The Gazette, volume 11, Sept 2003.

The 1841 Census surname index has now been completed by Ron Ashworth and is awaiting binding.  We have also acquired the 1891 Census surname index for Piece No 3500, which covers Kildwick, Cononley, Cowling, Crosshills, Lothersdale and other villages in that area. 

A start has been made on replacing microfiche envelopes which are very worn and split.  Consequently, some of the microfiche will be missing from the filing cabinet at certain time.  It is expected that this work will take quite a few weeks to do, so please be patient if the microfiche that you want to view is not in the cabinet. 

Our collection of CDs is rapidly expanding and being borrowed on a regular basis.  In order to give all members an equal chance of use, the maximum borrowing time will be limited to 4 weeks and further borrowing time will only be allowed if no other member is waiting to borrow that item.  Only ONE box of CDs may be borrowed at any one time.  They must only be borrowed on meeting nights and be booked out on the Borrower's List which is kept in the RED BINDER in the CD drawer in the filing cabinet.  However, they may be returned via the Colne Reference Librarian between meetings, but please ensure that their date of return is entered on the Borrower's List.  (Christine Bradley has been notified of this, but please remind her, or her deputy, when returning CDs). 

A 'Waiting List' will be provided for those who wish to pre-book an item to be borrowed.  There is a full list of all the CDs available in the RED BINDER.  

Since we lost our filing cabinet, the Branch owned fiche are also now more easily accessible to the general public, and it is more important than ever that markers are used at all times when fiche are removed. Members borrowing fiche to take home for whatever purpose should use a YELLOW Fiche Borrower's Card.  (There is a supply of these kept in the cardboard box on the top right-hand shelf of our section of the reference library.)  Please keep your own card after use. 

Don't forget to book them out in the BLUE Borrower's Book, and book them back in again when returned.  Except for transcription purposes, it would be appreciated if fiche can be borrowed for the shortest possible period of time.

Margaret Heap, Branch Librarian.

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CERTIFICATES

Ann Hale (see her research interests in Query Corner) has donated the following certificates to our Branch Library, having found that they are not her family.  If anyone has any interest in the documents, please contact the Branch librarian, Margaret Heap for details.  The documents will be available at any Branch meeting.

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E-MAIL ADDRESS

You can be informed of any late programme changes or notices if I have your e-mail address.  To have your correct address added to the Branch Member's list, send a message with the words "e-mail address" in the subject line and your name in the message box to , Branch Secretary.

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LANCASHIRE RECORD OFFICE - LESSER-KNOWN HOLDINGS

Submitted by Joan Metcalfe

Joan Metcalfe, a member of LFH&HS who is formerly from Brierfield and Colne, has sent details of some of the lesser-known holdings at Lancashire Record Office, where she is a member of 'The Friends of Lancashire Archives'

Brierfield Urban District Council - Death Registers.

Until recently, I had no idea that such registers existed and indeed they have apparently not been deposited in any general sense by other councils.  There are some, in slightly different format for Burnley, which are closed for 75 years as instructed by the depositor.  There is, however, no such closure on Brierfield so all the information in the 32-year span is available now.

The entries are, in effect, copies of the details contained on the death certificate and were supplied by the Registrar to the Medical Officer of health.  The only difference is that the name of the informant is not shown, but there are columns for the date of death, the deceased's residence, name, age, occupation and cause of death.  Then there is an analysis of the age groups and some yearly summaries of the causes.  As can be imagined, 1919 saw many deaths from 'flu and its consequences and 1932 was a bad year for diphtheria.

What might be termed the more dramatic deaths, and most of these occurred in hospital, are eye-catchingly entered in red ink. Some of these make for horrific reading.  For example

Obviously these registers are very useful in by-passing the G.R.O. system to obtain information about the deaths of people in Brierfield during these years. 

The Lancashire Record Office references are 

       UDBr 25/1 death register 1910 - 1926 

       UDBr 25/2 death register 1927 - 1942

National Registration Act 1915 - forms completed by Barrowford residents

Those who are also members of the Friends of Lancashire Archives might recall seeing paragraphs on the subject in the Friends' newsletter.  This Registration Act has also been mentioned in Family Tree Magazine and it appears that Barrowford is the one place for which a set of forms survives, not only in Lancashire but also in the whole of the country.

The forms were to be completed by those between the ages of 15 and 65 on Sunday August 15th, 1915.  The information required was quite detailed: name and address; age last birthday; whether married or single; number of dependent children, both under 15 and over 15; number of other dependents; occupation; name and address of employer; and the answers to two questions, (a) are you skilled in any other work? (b) are you able and willing to undertake such work? 

By its nature, this census provides more information about females than can be found in some other sources and is immensely valuable from that point of view alone.  The absence of male members of the family suggests that they had already enlisted during the first year of the war or were engaged in war work elsewhere; 'negative' information, but useful nevertheless.

These forms can be found under the overall LRO reference 'UDBa acc 3274 Cens (**).

** indicates that a box number has also to be included in accordance with the following list.

  1 Female surnames A - C    7 Male surnames A - F   11 Enlisted A - E
  2 Female surnames D - G    8 Male surnames G - L   12 Enlisted F - L
  3 Female surnames H - K    9 Male surnames M - R   13 Enlisted M - S
  4 Female surnames L - P   10 Male surnames S - Y   14 Enlisted T - W
  5 Female surnames R - T  

+ 'Over 65 and/or Dead'    

   
  6 Female surnames V - Y        
 

+ 'Over 65 and/or Dead'     

       

I would be quite willing to do specific name/date searches in either of these sources, if that would be helpful to Branch Members with ancestors in the area.  Please write to Joan Metcalfe 15 Shaftesbury Avenue, Penwortham, Preston, Lancashire  PR1 0AY

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LOCATING AN ANCESTOR'S MARRIAGE USING THE G.R.O. INDEXES

Submitted by Jean Ingham.

Locating an ancestor's marriage after the start of civil registration in 1837 should, in theory, be plain sailing.  It's a simple matter of searching for the event in the G.R.O. indexes (also known as St. Catherine's indexes).  However, family historians often find the reality is not so straight forward.  Here are just a few of the problems that a researcher new to the family history game might encounter and needs to be aware of.

One problem is the variations in spellings of surnames.  Forget the idea that 'our name has always been spelt with two 't's or it has an 'e' at the end'.  In the early years of civil registration when few of our ancestors were literate, a name was recorded by the Vicar or Registrar as it sounded to them.  Whilst researching my husband's Atherton and Horney families we have discovered the following different spellings.  Atherstone, Atterton, Abberton and Hatherton and the Horney family have been found as Horsey, Hornby, Honey and Oney!

Another pitfall is that sometimes a marriage is not in the year that you expected it to be.  Researchers need to be aware that the first child born after the marriage is not necessarily the first child of the union.  Victorians were in reality, not as straight laced as we might think.

Marriage may have taken place only just before the birth or even many years after the birth of the couple's first child.  At the time of the 1881 census James and Fanny Bannister were living together as man and wife.  With absolute honesty they didn't claim to be married but stated on the census form that they were father and mother to their three children.  Two months later they decided to make the union legal and were married at the nearby church, at least 5 years after the birth of their first child.  So sometimes it is a good idea to extend a search forwards in time.

Registration district names are usually named after the largest town in the district but sometimes old district names were used which no longer exist and are not shown on a modern map.

Therefore if you find an entry which could be yours but the district name in the indexes is unfamiliar, do not assume it is in another part of the country and of no interest to your search.  The volume codes (e.g. 8a for Cheshire, 5b for Devonshire) will help you determine if it is in the right area.

Sometimes district names are based on older settlements that have been superseded by other towns in the area - E.g. manufacturing towns becoming more important than older market towns.  Locally, if you are looking for a 19th century marriage in Accrington (the town) or Rossendale (the area) you must look under the Haslingden registration district as both these were actually sub-districts of Haslingden which included Accrington, Edenfield, Newchurch & Rossendale.

Then again, for old historical reasons, a marriage may not have taken place in the Registration district that you would logically expect.  In our own area, Reedley Hallows, Ightenhill Park and Wheatley Carr Booth were in the Castle parish of Clitheroe.  Any residents wishing to marry in the Church of England would have had to travel to St.Mary Magdalene in Clitheroe.  This applied until about 1860, but without this knowledge, anyone searching for the marriage of an ancestor from Reedley Hallows etc. might miss a likely entry because it is registered in the Clitheroe registration district.

The G.R.O. Indexes are subject to mistakes and omissions due to human error etc. and sometimes missed entries have been added at the bottom of an index page, so it's a good idea to check this.  However, if you fail to find the entry you were looking for it is always worth searching another invaluable index, namely the I.G.I.  Although mainly useful for the pre 1837 period it contains many marriages up to the 1880s and an added bonus is that it does give the name of the church.

Although this article has been specifically concerned with Marriage Indexes, much of the above advice is equally applicable to searches in the G.R.O. Birth and Death Indexes.

Co-habitation is not a modern day invention and it is, of course, possible that some of our inconsiderate ancestors never did tie the knot!

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DIARY DATES - (WHAT'S ON)

BURNLEY FAMILY & LOCAL HISTORY ROADSHOW

SUNDAY, 6th June 2004, 12 noon to 5 pm at Towneley Hall, Burnley.  Organized by the Friends of Lancashire Archives.

Get Help and Information; Research the history of your house; Browse through local history books; Consult copies of Burnley Parish Registers; Trace your ancestors and see how they lived; Compare computer images of old and new maps; Read old documents - find out about palaeography.

Learn how Burnley and local villages got their names; Use the international Genealogical Index and the Census; See the displays of old documents which illustrate the past.


YORKSHIRE FAMILY HISTORY FAIR

SATURDAY, 26th June 2004 at Knavesmire Exhibition Centre, York Racecourse, YORK 10am - 4.30pm.


THE FIFTH ANNUAL NORTH WALES FAMILY HISTORY FAIR

SATURDAY, 4th September 2004, 10am - 4.30pm. LLANDUDNO CONFERENCE CENTRE  Admission 2  Accompanied children under 15 - free.


THE GREAT NORTH FAIR 2004 

SATURDAY, 11th September 2004 at Gateshead International Stadium, 10am - 4.30pm.  Admission 2.50  Accompanied children under 15 free.


LIVERPOOL AINTREE RACECOURSE FAIR

SUNDAY, 12th September 2004 at Princess Royal Stand, Exhibition Suite, Ormskirk Road, Aintree  L9 5AS 10am - 5pm.  Admission 2 per person, children accompanied by an adult are free.


THE YORKSHIRE COAST FAMILY HISTORY FAIR

SATURDAY, 25th September 2004 at The Spa Grand Hall, Scarborough, 10am - 4pm.  Admission 2 per person, Children that are accompanied by an adult are free.


THE NORTH WEST GROUP OF FH SOCIETIES, 11TH ANNUAL FAMILY HISTORY FAIR

SATURDAY, 2nd October 2004 at The Manchester Velodrome (The National Cycling Centre) 10am - 4pm.

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QUERY CORNER

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USING YOUR PC (COMPUTER NOTES)

USEFUL WEBSITES 

http://www.freebmd.org.uk  An ongoing project by volunteers, to create a complete online database of the General Register Office (G.R.O) indexes for births, marriages and deaths.  The initial focus is on records over 100 years old.  To date, about 70% have been entered.

http://www.1837online.com/Trace2web  This is a pay-for-view site.  The basic charge is 10p per page, but a minimum payment of 5 has to be made by credit card and there is a limit on the time that you have to use your credits.  Only the first three letters of the surname are filed, so in some cases you may have to look at, and pay for, several pages before you get the correct one.  Post-1984 data is available in a searchable database; pre-1984 data is available as scans of the G.R.O. indexes. which, you should remember, do contain many errors.  Despite the limitations, it can save you journey time to Blackburn Library or the LDS FHC, by being able to search on PC.

http://www.genuki.org.uk  A large collection of genealogical information pages for England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man.  It covers various areas such as adoption, Methodist ancestors and military genealogy.  Also contains advice on using the Internet for genealogy.

http://www.cyndislist.com  A comprehensive directory of web resources for family history.  Much of it is USA based and UK coverage is less detailed than www.genuki.org.uk

http://wwwscotlandspeople.gov.uk   The official government source of genealogical data - parish registers civil registration and census records for Scotland.  There is a free surname search but access to the records costs 6 for 30 'page credits' valid for 48 consecutive hours.

http://www.census.pro.gov.uk/  The 1901 census for England and Wales.  The index is free to search but it is pay-for-view to see a scanned image of the census page.  Vouchers to pay are available at most libraries.  It has been found that there are many transcription errors and your ancestor may seem to be missing.  You have to try various combinations of search - usually the less information you give, the more successful the search.

http://www.familysearch.org  This is the website for the Church of the Latter Day Saints (Mormons) and has the International Genealogical Index (IGI) and 1881 census for England and Wales.  Remember the IGI is an index and it contains many errors.  Nevertheless it is a very useful tool and will indicate which Parish Registers may contain information about your ancestors.  There is a library catalogue where you can find whether the Parish Registers have been filmed.

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STOP PRESS

MILLS, MANSIONS AND CORNER SHOPS

An introduction to A2A (Access to Archives) Workshops 

Introduction to A2A website - learn the best way to navigate the site, with focus on the North West 'Mills, Mansions and Corner Shops' project.

It is not necessary to book places, but for any further information please call Rosie McLure on 01772 534265

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ITEMS for PUBLICATION

Items for publication should be sent to the Acting Editor - Brenda I Hustler, 49 Stone Edge Road, Barrowford, Nelson Lancashire BB9 6BB or email:-

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LFH&HS Pendle and Burnley Branch 2004